Basketball and Volleyball
Basketball and volleyball have three differences.The first difference is the courts. There is a net in middle of a volleyball court, but there is nothing blocking a basketball court. And volleyball players have to stay on their own side. But basketball players can run up and down the entire court freely.
The second difference is the size of the ball and how hard it is. Volleyballs are made of leather. Basketballs are made of synthetic rubber and have a lot of dents all over the surface.
The third difference is the rules. Volleyball players must not drop the ball. If they do, they will lose the point. Basketball players dribble the ball and shoot it at the hoop.
Basketball and Soccer
What is the difference between basketball and soccer? Both are ball games and team sports, yet there are several differences between them.
First, these two sports are different in the way they use the ball. In both sports, players dribble and shoot the ball. But basketball players dribble with their hands, while soccer players, except the goalkeeper, dribble with their feet.
The second difference is in the number of players. A basketball team has 5 players. A soccer team, on the other hand, has eleven. Thus it is only natural that a soccer field is larger than a basketball court.
The third difference is in the positions. Basketball has three kinds: guards, forwards, and centers. Soccer has four: a goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders, and forwards. The biggest difference is the specialization of players according to their position. Soccer players usually specialize in offense or defense, not both.
Football and Basketball
There are a lot of sports, many of them are team sports. My favorites are football and basketball. They have both similarities and differences, two of each.The first similarity is the purpose of the competition. It is not only to win points. The purpose is to communicate with your opponents and cooperate with your teammates.
The second similarity is the number of people who can play on a team. And one more similarity is that both games are played indoors. Only five people can play at the same time. Players need to pass the ball to their teammates to score points. So it is a little harder than outdoor sports.
The first difference is the content of the sports. Football players shoot the ball with their feet. But basketball players shoot with their hands. It�s a big difference, but it�s an important one.
The second difference is the goals. Football has a rectangular goal with a net, located on the floor. But the goal in basketball is high above the floor. The players shoot the ball into it. That is the second difference.
In conclusion I have described some differences and some similarities. The differences are very natural, but also important. I assumed there are a few differences between football and basketball, so the similarities are more numerous than the differences. Which of these sports do you like? I like basketball. But the most important fact is that they are both popular.
Lacrosse and Soccer
Lacrosse and soccer have some things in common. The number of players is the same; they are both outdoor games; and both have goals. But, the goals have different shapes.
Lacrosse and soccer have some differences, too. Soccer players are not allowed to use their hands. Lacrosse players, on the other hand, use a stick. The size of the fields and the size of the ball are also different. Of course, the rules are also different.
Easy to understand.
Two paragraphs, one for similarities, one for differences.
Similarities are explained first, then the differences.
The examples are good.
The vocabulary is easy.
"The rules are also different" was funny. Nice joke.
The words suit author's meaning.
The sentences are short and simple.
Too abstract. It needs concrete examples.
The words or sentence patterns are repetitious.
False information--a soccer team has 11 players, but lacrosse teams have 10 (men's) or 12 (women's).
Difficult to understand, because la crosse is not a major sport.
Too vague, not enough details presented about the balls, fields, and rules.
Too wordy, could be shorter.
Some words like "both" used over and over. Too much.
Explanations are very short, too short.
The order of presentation of the similarities and differences is haphazard. No particular order.
Author needs to think more deeply. If he did, he would find more differences.
Provide concrete examples.
Rephrase some of the words.
Provide more facts about la crosse.
Explain differences between men's and women's la crosse.
Write more sentences, full of details.
Eliminate superficial comparisons such as the size of the fields and balls.
Think more deeply and add more differences, more meaningful differences.
line 2: outdoor games => outdoor sports
line 4: (the size of) the ball
line 6: are not allowed to use => mustn't use
- dribble, shoot, kick, rally, volley, spike
block, run, jump
must not hold, drop ball
use hands, feet, legs, head
individual, team sport
number of players
size and shape of court or field
open or divided
number of positions
offense and/or defense
fouls and penalties
change of player
possession of ball
steal, pass, catch, intercept
change of possession
size and shape of ball
made of leather or rubber
how to score points
size of goal
high, low, vertical, horizontal
protected or unprotected
|superficial||old / young|
tall / short
rich / poor
handsome / ugly
|50 / 20 years old|
180 / 160 cm
30,000 yen / 500 yen
thick glasses / nice eyes
|popular / unpopular|
hardworking / lazy
studious / wild
|deep||active / lazy|
kind / mean
generous / greedy
happy / unhappy
|sports / computer games|
encourages / bullies
cheerful greetings / complains
|many friends / alone|
job offers / unemployed
married / divorced
|la cross||. .||. .||. .||. .||. .||. .||. .||. .||. .||. .||. .||. .||. .||. .|
Topics and items that students thought of:
How are they the same? How are they different?
|t o p i c s|
|i t e m s|
men / women
Baseball / Soccer
High School / University
Pants / Skirt
McDonald's / MOS burger
|. . . => . . .|
put into groups
|. . . => . . .|
the process (no koto)
An easy way to think about ''classification'' is to think about a school putting students into classes (groups of students). There are many students, but only a few classes (maybe 3-5). As you know from your many years of experience as students,
- (1) all students must be put in a class and
(2) no student should be put in two classes (no overlapping).
You might also imagine that when schools divide students into classes they like to avoid unbalanced classes sizes, particularly classes of only one or two students. If possible, they would move such students into one of the other classes.
A Classification Essay is a piece of writing that presents a way of dividing things (items rather than students) into classes. These things might be
- physical items: musical instruments, alcoholic drinks, or countries;
things that are not physical: power, ways of studying, emotions; OR
a combination of both--desires (things that people want).
The first two steps in writing a Classification Essay are to figure out (1) the topic--what kind of items to divide up and (2) how to divide the items.
In-class speed writing assignment
There are many examples (=items, like ''students'') of _________________ (=topic) ,
but only a few kinds (=classes).
Fill-in the blank. Then continue writing.
When deciding the topic and how to divide the items, you should keep in mind the last step--figuring out (3) what to write in your essay. It is best if you have based the division of items on a single principle, one which is
- (a) original, (b) useful, and/or (c) intellectually interesting.
Let's take countries as an example topic. There are about 200 countries. How could we divide them? by their first letters from A to Z. But ... such a division would be completely arbitrary. The classes would tell us nothing about the countries--nothing original, useful, or interesting--so there is nothing to write about.
We could divide them by location in the northern or southern hemispheres. That's a little more interesting, but still too obvious, almost trivial. Although we could point out that their seasons are reversed and try to explain how the classification would work for countries that are in both hemispheres, that would not be enough to make an essay interesting.
How about dividing countries by their political systems. That's much more complex. We have to think more deeply about each country. It's a little bit troublesome, perhaps, but much, much more interesting . And we'll have a much better essay when we're finished.
|c a t e g o r i e s|
|i t e m s|
Only after deciding the topic and how to divide the items are we ready to start writing. It would be nice to start off with an Introduction--a short paragraph that will introduce the topic and inform the readers how many classes we are going to divide the items into.
The bulk of the essay then will explain the principle we are using to divide the items. Usually there will be at least one paragraph (with at least 3 sentences in each) for each of the classes. Remember we are explaining the division of items--its complexity--the connections and, perhaps, interaction between the classes. This is NOT a personal essay. You should leave out all personal material and also any irrelevent details about the items themselves--details that have nothing to do with the division of items into classes.
Finally we'll want to end the essay smoothly by putting some final remarks into a short paragraph--a Conclusion.
...teams can smell victory in the air and give their all to come out on top of this football game. All kinds of emotions stir, and as the men pound at each other constantly, the crowd roars. Because of all of the intensity involved in the game, football is on of the world's most popular sports, however, understanding the game of football is not easy. Football is a complex sport in its origin, evolution, and rules of the game. It is said that the forerunner of Americanfootball was a game called "harpaston," played by the ancient Greeks. Similar to modern football, the object of harpaston was to move a ball across a goal line by kicking, throwing, or running with it. However, most modern versions of football originated in England in the twelfth century. A certain form of football was known during this time, and it became so popular that it was banned because it took away from the military sport of archery. Modern football is a mixture of soccer- where a ball is kicked to opposite goals by two opposing teams and they have to defend their own goal and try to kick the ball into the opposite goal, and rugby- in which players run with the ball and tackle each other. The first football game was known as the "Boston Game," and was played at Harvard University. Harvard accepted a challenge from McGill...