Athena Essay examples
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With a battle cry that resounded through the kingdom of heaven and earth she sprang from the head of Zeus. She is one of the most powerful forces on Mount Olympus, representing war and the immortal spirit of wisdom. Athena embodies the matriarchal goddess, a complex figure of internal strength and reflection. She is a powerful source of interpretation for the idea of the goddess as a balance between nature and humanity. In one aspect she embodies the civic patron of Athens, with her benevolence and strategic defenses. However her mythological nature as the mother goddess and eternal being connects her with four thousand years of sacred expression through intuition, creation and instinct. Athena represents the unity of these…show more content…
In birth she is a symbol of the threatening force of dominance and aggression. An oracle of Gaea, the goddess of the earth, knew of Athena's power and potential. She warned Zeus of a third generation child who would overthrow him and inherit his kingdom. Metis was a clever goddess and took on the disguise of various creatures such as hawks, fish, and serpents to avoid Zeus. However Zeus could change into many forms as well and he devised a plan to trick the pregnant Metis and swallow her. When Promethius split Zeus's head open, it was the beginning of Athena and eternal wisdom.
Metis was the greek goddess of wisdom and the first wife of Zeus. Athena inherited the qualities of Metis and due to her manner of birth became the symbol of intellect and insight. The ability to reflect that Athena posesses is known as "Metis" becuase of her mother and gives her practical wisdom and craftiness. Her reflective nature gives her insight and knowledge to offer those she guides.
The image of Athena mourning, a marble bas-relief from the high classical Greek period of 480-450 BC, shows her reflective quality. This quality gives her the advantage over her opponents because it is a premeditated strategy rather than impulsive action. There are endless examples of her benevolence and strategy. Odysseus was one of her mortal companions who she helped return to his family after his long journey.
Odysseus was one
Athena is the goddess of wisdom and war, patriotism and good citizenship. She is the protector of Athens, as she is the patron deity of the city. There are two sides of her character: she could be mighty and terrible, or gentle and pure. Her Roman name is Minerva, and the Romans rank her third among their gods, under Jupiter (Zeus) and Juno (Hera). Athena was the favorite daughter of Zeus, and her share of wisdom was given to her by him. She has been called the "mind of god." As the goddess of wisdom, she chose the owl as her symbol. She was prayed to by sculptors, architects, and practitioners of weaving and spinning.
According to Greek Mythology, Athena is able to give power, skill and courage, and also victory in war for those who respect justice. She taught men the art of war, and led the way through battles to victory, peace, and prosperity. She herself also fought in many wars and, according to myth, was the creator of the famous Trojan horse. Athena assisted the heroes Perseus, Jason, Cadmus, Oddysseus, and Heracles in their quests. Athena supported Perseus's quest to kill Medusa, a once beautiful, and nearly perfect mortal, because she wanted the Gorgon's head to decorate her shield.
The birth of Athena is actually quite interesting. Zeus was once married to Metis, who was known for her wisdom. When Metis became pregnant, the Earth told Zeus that a son born to Metis would overthrow him, so he swallowed Metis. At the time, Zeus had a terrible headache, and commanded help from Hephaestus. Hephaestus slashed Zeus's head and Athena sprang forth, fully armed.
Another one of the fascinating stories about Athena is her competition with Poseidon (Neptune) to become patron deity of a city now known as Athens. To prove her worthiness, Athena caused an olive tree to spring forth on the stronghold of this city, the Acropolis. Poseidon tried to outdo Athena by striking